The things a woman should know:
Menstrual cycle irregularities are a common problem, even for a person who takes birth-control pills. In this lecture you will learn what is normal and what is abnormal in your irregularities. Irregular periods can have different meaning for everyone. The most important thing to know is that your cycle and its irregularities can be completely
Menstrual cycle irregularities are a common problem, even for a person who takes birth-control pills. In this lecture you will learn what is normal and what is abnormal in your irregularities.
Irregular periods can have different meaning for everyone.
The most important thing to know is that your cycle and its irregularities can be completely different with another woman. You may have heard that a normal menstrual cycle is something between 28 to 30 days or your periods should last 4 or 5 days. (The length of your cycle is the number of days between periods, counting the first day of bleeding until the day before your next period starts.) Maybe these numbers are true for some women, however these factors can vary a lot and still it can be considered as a normal cycle. A typical cycle length ranges between 21 to 40 days and its length can be varied from 2 to7 days. So some variation in your cycle is completely normal and probably there is nothing to worry about.
Menstrual cycle irregularities can have many different causes.
If you’re stressed out about your new jobs or moving out, it can cause harmful effects to your cycle. when you’re under a lot of stress, your periods can become irregular. Stress can delay your period or can make you temporarily stop ovulating for a month.
Rest of the following factors increase the chance of irregular menstruation.
Pregnancy or breast-feeding
Eating disorders, extreme weight loss or gain
Diseases like ovulation disorder or thyroid disorders
increasing testosterone levels (Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS))
Excessive exercising (like those women who professionally do sports)
Endometriosis and cervix cancer
If you are worried whether it is possible that irregularities in your cycles can be because of infertility problems or not? the answer is yes, but maybe not in the way you would think. If you don’t get your periods regularly, you probably have a concealed medial issue, it should be examined and your doctor will diagnose you as being infertile. You absolutely must talk to your doctor.
Your periods can change gradually over time.
Maybe your bleedings were always heavy, but now they have become lighter or maybe some of them are light or some are heavy, it is probably normal and there is nothing to worry about. In fact, these changes depend on what is happening on your cervix wall.
You may notice changes from time to time. The length of your cycle also can change: maybe it would be 28 days for a month or 30 days on the other. (This means your periods may not always come at the same time every cycle, and they may be somewhat different cycle-to-cycle.)
In the meanwhile, your symptoms can change in every cycle and they depend on hormonal fluctuations. The older you become the shorter the length of your cycles can be. At young ages bleeding is usually heavier and longer, then it will become lighter and more balanced.
Irregular menstrual cycles can happen years before menopause or it can also accrue after pregnancy.
Starting a birth control method can cause irregularities in menstrual cycles.
Hormonal birth control (HBC) options like the pill, (vaginal ring, or patch) control the release and regulation of hormones. When used correctly, the hormones in your HBC prevent your ovaries from preparing and releasing eggs (ovulation). This Intervention may prevent fertility.
While using the intrauterine devices (IUDs), it’s common to experience irregular bleeding or lighter bleeding, and some people don’t bleed at all. This happens because the endometrium doesn’t thicken as much as it does when you’re not using hormonal birth control. This typically results in lighter or occasionally absent bleeding.
Irregular bleeding or spotting is common when starting a new birth control method and usually goes away within few months and it can cause changes the amount of days you bleed. Some women prefer to use HBC pills continuously, it may cause spotting for few months until their bodies get used to the new routine.
But if your bleeding or spotting continues for more than two or three months or if you change your birth control method and still you don’t get period or if you suddenly experience a heavy bleeding, you should see a specialist (doctor, physician). If the bleeding is abnormal or extremely heavy and intense, you should see doctor.
Although not having a cycle or two is not a big deal, some symptoms are more serious than the others and it is necessary to consult with your health care provider:
-If you experience heavy bleeding during your period or have bleeding or spotting between your periods and you did not start any birth control method recently.
– You have a period more often than every 21 days or less often that every 40 days.
– If you don’t have any periods for at least 3 menstrual cycles and you’re not pregnant.
-If your periods are extremely painful and you have severe menstrual cramps while there were not like this before.
-If you have other unusual symptoms like unusual vaginal discharge or fever.